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 UH34 D Helicopter
 Restoration Info

U.S. Marines In Vietnam
Page 2

Battles They Fought And The Sacrifices They Made.


While every effort has been made to maintain complete, updated and accurate information, this site is not an official source for information about the Vietnam War or the United States Marine Corps.

 I hope the material I supplied below will be helpful to all high school and college students learning about the history of the Vietnam War.


Material found on this page was supplied from the book titled
Leatherneck Associations Inc.





 The huge white star of North Vietnam waves next to the Ben Hai River Bridge, separating North and South Vietnam. The bridge is located in the Demilitarized Zone, and, in accordance with the Geneva Convention, it is neutral. However, Nguyen of the North Vietnamese Army infiltrated through the DMZ and into the Republic of Vietnam. His route varied. Inland, the Ho Chi Minh Trail was the most direct route, but the North Vietnamese soldiers also come by sea in fishing boats.



"Under The Gun..."

Some of Vietnam's heaviest fighting took place near the Demilitarized Zone. Operation Hastings,  Khe Sanh, and hills designated by numbers or names came to the attention of folks back home via headlines, radio bulletins or TV specials. Near the DMZ, Marines met the trained, well-supplied NVA. Fighting with his back to his homeland, reinforced with artillery and mortars, the enemy proved vicious but not indestructible. They were beaten by air support, armored vehicles, artillery and the lowly individual Marine grunt. High in the mountains of the northern provinces, a Marine could look down from his "throne" and appreciate the beauty during a lull in the battle.  


  A faint noise in the distance-like the soft "pop" of a champagne cork-and men scattered wildly. They dove, scrambled and attempted to squeeze their entire beings into their helmets. It was time to make yourself scarce.

  From the time the warning "pop" was heard, (and it was heard often) there were four or five seconds to disappear; to hide. You hide and the white-hot shrapnel seeks.

  That's what it was all about below Vietnam's Demilitarized Zone. The enemy did his thing, and you did yours. He shot and you hid, hoping . . . praying, that he'd miss.

  It wasn't a life as such. It was an existence. It wasn't always that way; it just seemed like it was.

  According to the 1954 Geneva Accords, the strip of land on each side of the Ben Hai River (separating North and South Vietnam) and running the entire 38-mile width of the country would be demilitarized. No military activity was to be permitted in the DMZ.

  The partition appeared good on paper, but constant violations by the North changed all that. The DMZ was used by the NVA as a staging area. From this neutral haven, thousands of artillery rounds were to be fired on Marine outposts at Con Thien, Gio Linh, Dong Ha and Cua Viet.

  Marines moved into the area below the DMZ during "Operation Hastings'' in mid-1966. They quickly established static positions at Khe Sanh, Dong Ha, Camp Carroll, Con Thien and Gio Linh.

  When the Marines were reasonably settled, the NVA elevated their gun barrels and "greeted" the Americans with a shower of hot steel. NVA units gathered within the comparative safety of the DMZ and then mounted attacks against Marine outposts.

  During September 1967, the NVA began a continuous pounding on Con Thien. An average of 500 artillery rounds were fired daily into the small hilltop. Marines held; they also beat off several mass ground assaults.

  When the communists learned they couldn't penetrate Marine defenses at Con Thien, they swiveled their guns and hit Khe Sanh. For 77 days, NVA gunners surrounded and pounded. It was called a "siege." (On February 23, enemy guns in Laos fired 1307 artillery rounds into Khe Sanh.)

  Some said it was to be another Dien Bien Phu. The Marines held, and the "siege" lifted on April 7, 1968. Marine casualties had been light.

  The Marines were fed up. They had lived under the gun long enough. They began to move ... move fast, and they struck hard. The mobility concept was set in motion.

  Helicopters hovered atop craggy mountain crests and the Marines charged to meet the enemy. Instead of Marines humping up mountains, the whirlybirds set them down on top, and the Marines chased the NVA, gaining momentum from the slopes of the hills.

  During ''Operation Dewey Canyon," the Ninth Marines captured six Russian-made 122mm artillery pieces along with tons of ammunition and NVA supplies.

  Terrain was no longer an obstacle. The Marine mobility posture caught the enemy unaware and kept him on the move. Once landed on a mountaintop, an LZ was established and Marine choppers ferried in artillery support.

  It was Nguyen's turn in the barrel, but Marines knew it wasn't over . . . not yet.

  Located so close to North Vietnam, the entire NVA army, mortars, rockets and artillery are poised on the other side of the DMZ. Marines are still under the gun.



    When word was passed to halt and set up a defense, Marines shrugged off their packs, placed their weapons nearby and immediately began digging in. When Nguyen's guns opened up from the DMZ, Marines caught in the open were targets for shrapnel and hurtling rocks. Others, transported to mountain observation posts by helicopter, maintained a constant vigil on the Ho Chi Minh trail or other routes of infiltration. Even at night, aided by infrared telescopes such as the "Starlight" scope, Marines could observe known enemy routes of march, reporting movement to Marine artillery batteries which bombarded the infiltrators. And as the Marines moved and neutralized, they modernized.

"Sunday Punch..."


  "A Marine's concept of a perfect battle is to have other Marines on the right and left flanks, Marine aircraft overhead and Marine artillery and naval gunfire backing them up."-Ernie Pyle

  Marine air support was explained in the chapter headed, "The Sky Is Ours." What remains is the story of guns; little guns, medium-sized guns and those bodaciously barreled boomers which project which project thousands of meters away with devastating results.

  Even if the shrapnel doesn't kill, the concussion will, and if that doesn't, the enemy will probably die of fright from the noise!

  Supporting Marine grunts is a collection of small weapons, such as the 60mm and 80mm mortar, the 4.2 howtar (mortar) and the 3.5 rocket launcher.

  Within a squad, the M79 grenade launcher may be considered a supporting arm, but then, within a squad, under strained circumstances, a hand grenade or a rock may be considered "supporting arms," depending on the situation.

  Terrain in Vietnam limited the use of armored columns, but the guns on armored vehicles lent a definite advantage to Marines. Amtracs carried machine guns. Some amtracs, (1st Armored Amphibian Company) had turret-mounted 105mm howitzers.

  Tanks sported 90mm cannons, and the Ontos, (Greek for "The Thing,") carried six 106 recoilless rifles. The Ontos was intended to be a tank destroyer. The enemy in Vietnam doesn't use tanks to any great extent, so Marines utilized the vehicle against entrenched enemy troops with satisfactory results.

  The mobility concept developed by the Third Marine Division near the DMZ provided a speedy method of providing artillery support to Marines. Once an area was cleared, a hasty landing zone was blasted out, and helicopters ferried 105 or 155mm howitzers to the hilltop. (Approximate effective range of a 155mm howitzer is 2300 meters.)

  The Ist Marine 8-inch Howitzer Battery knocked out 19 NVA artillery pieces and damaged another 25 enemy guns during August 1968. The enemy was firing from the Demilitarized Zone against Marine fire bases.

  The approximate range of the 8-inch gun is 4200 meters. Big Mama of Marine artillery is the 175mm gun which weighs 62,100 pounds. It can hurl a projectile 11,500 meters!



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 I will be adding more pages real soon.


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Special Thanks to
Walter "Woody" Wood III (U.S.M.C)
for the book

"Ambassadors In Green"


 Thanks for stopping by
Semper Fi


UH34D Restoration Project HMM361
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